Unfortunately, because of the Middle Eastern events of the last three decades, Islam has been branded by the media as a religion of violence. The concept of jihad (wrongly translated as holy war) refers to the duty of Muslims to defend their faith and the welfare of the Muslim community when threatened. Islam teaches that one can only find peace in one's life by submitting to Almighty God (Allah) in heart, soul, and deed. Books on Islam, Muslims, Prophet Muhammad(s), Ahlul Bayt. An Introduction to Islam, Third Edition, provides students with a thorough and unified topical introduction to the global religious community of Islam. This is the foundation of Islam, and is reflected in the famous sentence which says that, “There is no god but Allah.” (Allah is the Arabic name of God.). Human beings can communicate directly with God through prayers. These rituals are meant to purify the faithful inwardly. It is just like saying that the Catholic Church promotes violence and terrorism because of the Irish Republican Army's activities! God continues. The second part explains how the law was transformed and ultimately dismantled during the colonial period. Muslims believe there is one true God Allah (the Arabic word for God). The Al-Islam.org site and the DILP are entirely supported by individual donors and well wishers. Dr. Liyakatali Takim This is evident even from the name “Islam” itself. In addition, the author's extensive field work, experience, and scholarship combined with his engaging writing style and passion for the subject also sets his text apart. Advanced embedding details, examples, and help! Prayers engender inner strength and inspire one to a closer relationship with the Creator. “Justice” means putting everything in its rightful place. Relevant verses of the Qur'an and sayings of the Prophet (Hadith) have been included where appropriate, as support for the nar… Topics covered. EMBED (for wordpress.com hosted blogs and archive.org item tags) Want more? “We created man of a water-drop...Surely We guided him to the right way--now whether he (follows it and) be grateful or (goes astray and) be ungrateful is up to him.” (Qur'an: chp. For this revised and updated Second Edition, David Waines has added a long section tackling head-on the issues arising from Islam's place in the changing world order at the turn of the new millennium. We are here according to God's plan: the worldly life is a test; it is a chance to prove ourselves as deserving of the eternal blissful life in the hereafter. The purpose of this book is to convey to a non-Muslim audience an understanding of Islam, its history, culture, and contribution to civilization. © Ahlul Bayt Digital Islamic Library Project 1995-2020. IMPORTANT : All content hosted on Al-Islam.org is solely for non-commercial purposes and with the permission of original copyright holders. Can be used in conjunction with the Islam poem- please check my other resources. You will need to follow the instructions in that message in order to gain full access to the site. Human beings are created with a purpose. Many crucial systems such as the Arabic numerals, algebra, the first map of the globe and navigational maps were developed by Muslims and adopted by the medieval Europeans. The name of the religion is Islam, which comes from an Arabic root word meaning "peace" and "submission." It places Islam within a cultural, political, social, and religiou The author's extensive field work, experience, and scholarship combined with his engaging writing style and passion for the subject sets this text apart. © Ahlul Bayt Digital Islamic Library Project 1995-2020. Islam teaches that human beings are born pure and sinless. Even gender does not count as a criterion of superiority. Islam requires its followers to show respect and tolerance even to those who do not share their faith. Loading... Save for later. No_Favorite. Its integration of the doctrinal and devotional elements of Islam enables readers to see how Muslims think and live - engendering understanding and breaking down stereotypes. 4, verse 124). Above all, we need to be committed to interfaith dialogue. In other words, between his emotions and his conscience. This day, together with the Eid al-Fitr, a feast day commemorating the end of Ramadhan, are the two main festivals of the Muslim calendar. Avoid resits and get better grades with material written specifically for your studies. The Muslim holy book is called the Qur'an. Muslims see wealth to be a trust from God, to be dispensed in His way. All the Prophets had brought the same message, i.e., belief in one God, upright human conduct and belief in the accountability of human acts at the end of time. Secondly, no fair-minded person would allow himself to blame the religion of Islam for the wrong-doings of those who call themselves as Muslims. As such, the religion ofIslam teaches that in order to achieve true peace of mind and surety of heart,one must submit to God and live according to His Divinely revealed Law. Islam is the modern or latest version of the message sent by God through Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses and Jesus. We have created you from one male and one female, and then We made you into different races and tribes so that you may know (and easily recognize) each other.” (Qur'an: chp. Introduction to Islam. In Islam, salvation is not possible by just fulfilling the rights of God; one has to fulfill the rights of other human beings also. This word comes from the same root as the Arabic word “salam”, which means “peace”. Muslims like Avicenna (Abu Ali al-Husain ibn-Sina, 980-1037) and Averroes (Abul Walid Mohammad Ibn Rushd, 1126-1198) have played major roles in the advancement of science in the west. It is the second largest religion in the world, after Christianity. Preview. Islam also recognizes and accords rights to all human beings regardless of race, color or creed. The belief in God relates us to our origin and guides us throughout our life. Fourteen hundred years ago, the Qur'an recorded God's clear statements on this issue. The word “Islam” is an Arabic wordwhich means “submission to the will of God”. ISLAM: An Introduction. However, one must realize that peace can never be achieved in vacuum. The word 'Islam' in Arabic means submission to the will of God. Read more. An Introduction to Islam, Fourth Edition, provides students with a thorough, unified and topical introduction to the global religious community of Islam. Raheel Khosa. This text explains some of the basic beliefs and practices of Muslims. Email. an_introduction_to_islam Identifier-ark ark:/13960/t9d57dv30 Ocr ABBYY FineReader 11.0 (Extended OCR) Pages 60 Ppi 300 Scanner Internet Archive HTML5 Uploader 1.6.3. plus-circle Add Review. God gives you the good news of a word from Him, whose name shall be Messiah, Jesus son of Mary, honored in this world and the hereafter, and one of those brought near to God” (3:42). Islam very categorically rejects racial discrimination. Although they can pray anywhere, Muslims are encouraged to pray in congregation. One has to believe and affirm that “There is no god but God and that Muhammad is the Messenger of God”. A validation e-mail has been sent to your e-mail address. The first university in the world was established by Muslims in Cairo, Egypt. May the blessings of the Almighty God be with you! As the Qur'an says: “Behold! To preserve chastity, respect and moral values in society, Muslim men and women are required to dress in a manner which is considered modest and dignified. Muhammad, the Prophet of Islam, said,” You have not been created to perish; on the contrary, you have been created for eternal life.”. An Introduction to Islam ISLAM IS A WORLD RELIGION followed by around one-ifth of the world’s population. Muslims believe that, at the end of time, all human beings will be resurrected to account for their deeds. “He inspired to it to understand what is good and what is evil. He communicates by inspiring them towards goodness and by sending Prophets who deliver God's message. Islam looks at their different roles in society not as superior or inferior but as complementary to each other. Publication date 1995 … 49, verse 13). It was to help mankind in achieving this objective that God sent various prophets and messengers to guide them. Muhammad Ali (formerly Cassius Clay), Malcolm X, Yusuf Islam (formerly Cat Stevens) are some of the well-known people who have embraced Islam. God clearly says. Any other use of the hosted content, such as for financial gain, requires express approval from the copyright owners. Muhammad is the last prophet, and Islam is the final and complete version of God's message. Prophet Muhammad was commanded to recite in the Qur'an: Islam is the final religion revealed to human beings through the last Prophet who was called Muhammad. comment. This booklet, although brief, explains some of the basic beliefs and practices of Muslims. Islam is the fastest growing religion in the world. About this resource. Just as God communicates with us, we need to respond to Him by undertaking certain spiritual and social duties which will draw us closer to Him. At the age of forty, God asked him, through the angel Gabriel, to proclaim the religion of Islam publicly. On Stuvia you will find the most extensive lecture summaries written by your fellow students. Info. God only provides guidance for us to know what is good and what is bad. It promotes the feeling of brotherhood and equality among its followers. This provides a unique opportunity for Muslims of different nations and diverse backgrounds to meet one another. Peace (the root from which the word Islam is derived) is attained through complete obedience to the commandments of God, for God is the source of all peace. The differences are mainly theological and jurisprudential. O Mary! Wael Hallaq, a leading scholar and practitioner of Islamic law, guides students through the intricacies of the subject in this absorbing introduction. It seeks to preserve peace in society by training and urging its followers to fulfill the rights of each other. The day is also marked in Muslim communities in different parts of the world with celebrations and exchange of gifts. The Qur'an, the holy book of Islam, says: Our life on this earth has a specific purpose; it is not the result of nature's accident, nor is it a punishment for eating the fruit of the forbidden tree. Islam means the active submission to the one God. Created: Aug 31, 2017. zip, 36 MB. Introduction to Islam; Transcript; Links; Teacher's support; Islam began about 1400 years ago. Out of the four verses, I will just quote one: “Whoever, be it a male or a female, does good deeds and he or she is a believer, then they will enter the Paradise.” (Qur'an: chp. The hajj is the perfect example of the oneness of people of all races and nations, worshipping and serving the Lord. Muslim women may own and dispose property; they may work, exercise voting powers and exercise other rights which women in other cultures enjoy. The country with the largest Muslim population is Indonesia. Muslims believe that the first Prophet was Adam followed by a long chain of Prophets to guide humanity. “No carrier shall carry the burden of others.” (Qur'an; chp. Flag this item for. Muslims believe this to be the word of Allah as dictated to Muhammad. He communicates by inspiring them towards goodness and by sending Prophets who deliver God's message. However, whether it will be blissful or full of sorrow depends on how we spend our present life. Yet it is also the most misunderstood religion. 35, verse 18). Islam is a monotheistic religion. The same Arabic root word gives us "Salaam alaykum," ("Peace be with you"), the ​ universal Muslim greeting. Islam and Muslims. Leadership is thus divinely designated. Once in their lifetime, Muslims are commanded to go for pilgrimage to Mecca provided there are no financial or physical constraints. Unrecognized Email or Password, please try again. Themost important truth that God revealed to mankind is that there is nothingdivine or worthy of being worshipped except for Almighty God, thus all humanbeings should sub… Therefore, Muslims are required to be conscious of the environment and are not allowed to cause harm to nature. the angel said: 'God has chosen you and purified you and has chosen you above the women of all nations. This course is also part of . Therefore the life and property of all citizens in an Islamic state are considered sacred, whether a person is a Muslim or not. Discipline in a believer is further inculcated by fasting. Islam was sent to mankind through Prophet Muhammad. Every year, about two million Muslims from different parts of the world converge on Mecca to perform the pilgrimage. Muslim women may not be forced to marry against their will. It also discusses some controversial issues that are frequently brought up by non-Muslims, like women's rights and the status of Jesus in Islam. It deals with issues which affect human beings in their earthly lives; issues like piety, upright human conduct, worship, the creation of a just and virtuous society and the practice of ethics. Each human being is born with a pure conscience which can absorb and accept the true message of God. Human's spiritual power or conscience is not a static phenomenon: it has the ability of growth as well as decadence. They devote their lives to the service of God, the Creator and Sustainer of the universe. 4.9 7 customer reviews. They consider him to be one of God's greatest messengers to humankind. An Introduction to Islam is a wide-ranging account of the history and theology of one of the world's most dynamic religions. It is hoped that this booklet will inspire the readers to further explore the many dimensions of Islam - one of the great religions of the world. Islam teaches that every human being is born sinless; no child carries the burden of his or her ancestors' sins. Because of this, non-Muslim places of worship have survived and flourished all over the Muslim world. One can have peace only on basis of justice. In Islam, women are as human as men. In Islam, man and woman are equal in rights; but equality is not synonymous to similarity. Although Islam teaches that God has predetermined the span of our life and the time of our death, it does not mean that even our actions are predetermined by Him. It mentions many other Prophets like Noah, Abraham, Isaac, Ishmael, Moses, Jacob, Joseph and Jesus. The Qur'an re-affirms his miraculous birth and his miraculous abilities. Islam is “modern” in the sense that it has come to complement the teachings which were introduced through Moses and Jesus. It is intertwined with justice. What you will read below are some of the basic features of Islam. According to some estimates, there are 1.5 Billion Muslims in the world and it is the fastest growing religion too. The Muslim weekly holiday is on Fridays when congregational prayers are held at noon. Islam is the modern or latest version of the message sent by God through Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses and Jesus. Google Classroom Facebook Twitter. It's the second largest religion in the world and its followers, Muslims, live by the teachings of the prophet Muhammad. Personal supplication may be recited in any language in the pursuit of closeness to the Lord. Islam regards its teachings to be a re-affirmation and culmination of the teachings of previous monotheistic religions like Judaism and Christianity. Understanding Muslim Identity in light of the Prophet’s Way. An introduction to Islam by Waines, David. Apart from human responsibility, Islam also teaches human accountability. In addition, the author's extensive field work, experience, and scholarship combined with his engaging writing style and passion for the subject also sets his text apart. God continuously reminds us in the Qur'an of His infinite mercy and compassion. Undertaking social responsibility by helping the needy is highly encouraged in Islam. Since Islam is a universal religion, it is easy to become a Muslim. By Daniel Masters, AbdurRahman Squires, and I. Kaka. It is only the social and familial influences which take a person away from God's message. Islam teaches that human beings have a moral obligation to live in harmony with one another. He says, “We have indeed honored the children of Adam; spread them in the land and the sea, provided them with good things; and preferred them in esteem over many things that We have created.” (Qur'an: chp. The belief in one God shows that man should not worship any material thing or person in this universe. Created: Aug 31, 2017. Free. Islam teaches that God (called Allah in Arabic) is the source of all creation and that human beings are the best of His creation. It is to be noted that both the Sunnis and the Shi'as are united in their major beliefs i.e., they believe in the same God, the same book, the same Prophets and pray in the same direction. The hajj is marked by the Eid al-Adha, a festival which is marked with prayers and other rituals performed by the pilgrims in the vicinity of Mecca. In recent years, the word “Islamic” has become one of the adjectives of “terrorism.”. The Al-Islam.org site and the DILP are entirely supported by individual donors and well wishers. Islam very strongly emphasizes on the rights which people have over each other. Introduction to Islam. God swears by the soul of human being and says. Therefore, they are asked to purify their wealth by spending a portion of their income for those in need (called zakat). Islam believes that man and woman are equal but dissimilar. 17, verse 70). A person is to be judged by his character, not by his color or race. An introduction to Islam Item Preview remove-circle Share or Embed This Item . IMPORTANT : All content hosted on Al-Islam.org is solely for non-commercial purposes and with the permission of original copyright holders. Islam also emphasizes on the issue of responsibility and accountability of human beings--each person is responsible for his or her own actions. Muslims are those who believe in one God and in Muhammad as the final Prophet of God. If one starts putting things in the wrong places, then he disrupts the social harmony and disturbs peace. Author: Created by StevenRS. Muslims live in different parts of the world ranging from China to Argentina, Russia to South Africa. The final destination of human beings is the hereafter. We live in one of the most culturally diverse countries in the world. Islam teaches that God (called Allah in Arabic) is the source of all creation and that human beings are the best of His creation. However, it must be noted that people only resort to violence when their basic human rights are violated and when all attempts at peaceful settlement are thwarted. Those who have performed righteous deeds will be rewarded with eternal bliss in heaven and those who have performed evil acts will be punished in hell. Related Courses. Islamic law stipulates that Muslims should protect the status of minorities. Islam balances the spiritual dimension by emphasizing human responsibility. It was built by Abraham and Ishmael over four thousand years ago. It seeks to guide us in fulfilling that purpose by creating harmony between ourselves, our Creator and fellow human beings. The Qur'an, which is the holy book for Muslims, contains 114 chapters (called Suras). Women are asked to cover their hair and wear loose clothings. An Introduction to Islam by Dr Liyakatali Takim. The word “Islam” is an Arabic word which means “submission to the will of God”. Muslims pray towards the Ka'ba, which is situated in Mecca. Human being is the prime creation of God. Followers of Islam are called Muslims. Fasting is regarded as an essential component in the growth of spirituality within a person. Yet, unfortunately, Islam is also the most misunderstood religion. Any other use of the hosted content, such as for financial gain, requires express approval from the copyright owners. It is a way of life. Since Islam believes in values like chastity and morality, it prohibits all acts which lead to moral corruption. In this backdrop, firstly, one must realize that the events in the Middle East can be fairly and fully understood only in the light of the post-WWI history of that region, in particular the promises given by the British to the Arabs. Islam was sent to mankind through Prophet Muhammad. Divinity. It teaches that there is only one God who is the origin and creator of the universe. The word “Islam” and the Arabic word for peace, “salam” both come from the same root, “salima”. We surely are free in our actions and are, therefore, accountable for them. share. The only difference there exists is concerning the role which Islam has envisioned for man and woman. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. Attainment of piety is but one dimension of such purpose; playing an active role in the creation of a just society is another. However, the doors of forgiveness are always open for those who repent sincerely. There are nearly 6 million Muslims living in North America and the number is growing. He was also very pious and detested the moral decadence of his society. No one is responsible for or can take the responsibility of the sins of others. December 1995. 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