God accepted Abraham by faith long before He gave the Law to Moses and even before God told Abraham to observe circumcision. His followers are encouraged—commanded—to read it. By being the Son of David and God’s chosen Messiah to suffer for His people, rise to life, and ascend to heaven to rule, Jesus fulfills God’s Covenant with David beyond Israel’s wildest dreams. The Old Testament is the gospel in the bud. Public Domain. They were therefore to go teach all nations. Jesus! What Scriptures taught such a sad fate for the Messiah? Jesus … (Acts 2:34, Psalm 110:1) Jesus, the Son of David, is also the Son of God, He is the Lamb of God who died for our sins, and He is the Resurrected King. how did Jesus fulfill the Covenant God made in the Old Testament? 1. Jesus came to fulfill the predictions of the prophets, who had long foretold that a Savior would one day appear. Israel was supposed to be a light to the nations, revealing the One True God to all people. He is the Prophet Who speaks for God to the people. 4. Jesus is both David’s heir and the fulfillment of sacrificial worship. 3. English-speaking Christians call the Hebrew Scriptures the “Old Testament.” A better translation of Palaia Diatheke, the name of the “Old Testament” in the original Greek, is “Old Covenant.” God made the Old, or Mosaic, Covenant with Israel at Mt. Psalm 22, whose opening lines He quoted on the cross, “My God, My God, Why have you forsaken Me” (Matthew 27:46, Psalm 22:1), ends with triumph, “I will tell Thy name to my brethren.” (Psalm 22:22-31) The resurrected Jesus fulfills the words of Psalm 110 by sitting at God’s right hand, not on earth but in heaven. And he turned again into the camp: but his servant Joshua, the son of Nun, a young man, departed not out of the tabernacle. Founding Churches in Ottoman Empire Territory. All throughout the age of the Old Testament, God is inviting His people to look at him, to fix their eyes on him, because he is the only way through the mire of sin, death and confusion that we experience day in and day out. But God had promised David in a covenant that a son of his would always sit on the throne in Jerusalem. Is it Okay to Watch Football on the TV on Sundays? (Habakkuk 2:4, Romans 1:17). “If any man is in Christ, he is a new creature.” (II Corinthians 5:17) Jesus is the conqueror of death who has reconciled us to God and will bring us home to Him. The early church debated and searched the Scriptures for the answer to that question. Paul writes: “For as through one man’s disobedience the many were made sinners, even so through the obedience of One the many will be made righteous.” (Romans 5:19; see I Corinthians 15:45). Could the blood of bulls and of goats really take away sin? In sum, His interpretation is this: “You search the Scriptures, because you think that in them you have eternal life; and it is these that bear witness of Me.” (John 5:39) Jesus did not start a new religion. Jesus came to fulfill the predictions of the prophets, who had long foretold that a Savior would one day appear. The misconception that Jesus did not fulfill the Messianic prophecies of the Old Testament is predominately held by Jewish People. Instead, I plan to show how Jesus of Nazareth fulfills all of the promises made by God in His covenants with David, Israel, Abraham, and Adam. But Christ was really sacrificed. A  Congregation in the Atlantic Presbyteryof the, “These are my words which I spoke to you while I was still with you, that all things which are written about Me in the Law of Moses and the Prophets and the Psalms must be fulfilled.” Then He opened their minds to understand the Scriptures. To it, Christ refers His people as their rule and guide for holy living. I would. He fulfilled an old one. “Behold, days are coming,” declares the Lord, “when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah, not like the covenant which I made with their fathers in the day I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt.” (Jeremiah 31:32, Hebrews 8-9), At the Last Passover, the memorial of the Old Covenant, Jesus took bread and the cup, establishing the memorial of the New Covenant, the Lord’s Supper. The Old Testament, though often thought of as filled with dry history, contains important tests concerning Christ's claims to be the Son of God and the Messiah. Here is an irony of history. How does Jesus fulfill the covenants God made in the Old Testament with: 1. (Revelation 5:6) If a person will not have Christ as King, he will not have Him as sacrifice either. All rights reserved. -- Luke 24:44-45, Wouldn’t you love to hear a tape of Jesus’ talk showing how He fulfilled the Old Testament? In this article I will not list Old Testament prophecies such as “born in Bethlehem” (Micah 5:2, Matthew 2:4-6) or “buried with the rich” (Isaiah 53:9, Matthew 27:57-60) and cite their fulfillment by Jesus. What is the Reformed Presbyterian Church? Nebuchadnezzar conquered Jerusalem, destroyed the Temple, took Israel into captivity in Babylon, and left no son of David on the throne. He is the Priest Who brings the people before God in worship. The true Christian "delights in God's law" (Romans 7:20). He is much more in three ways. Jesus fulfilled the prophetic promise of a Messiah, but He is much more than another David ruling Israel. Seed. The sacrifice of Jesus was according to the Old Testament requirements of the law.Following is a comparison of requirements in the Old Testament and the fulfillment in the New Testament. First, they understood that He is the Messiah, the Son of David. It is a symptom of an ignorant and unhealthy state of religion when the law is lightly esteemed. The People had waited for a thousand years. Christians are happy to have Christ be their priest and sacrifice. The proof that God’s plan for salvation was always that it would be by faith in Christ alone is found in His Covenant with Abraham. He is the Seed of Abraham in whom all nations of the earth are blessed. Paul writes, “Now the promises were spoken to Abraham and to his seed. Does a person have to do the works of the Law in order to be saved? In Jesus’ day His disciples were eager to call Him King. He said, “This cup which is poured out for you is the new covenant in My blood.” (Luke 22:20) (“New covenant” translates the Greek “kaine diatheke,” a rendering preferred in modern English translations, except that the familiar “New Testament” is still used to name the Scriptures written in connection with the New Covenant.). ... the Old Testament scriptures. Christmas is about celebrating our true inheritance- Christ himself. The coming of Christ did not alter the position of the Ten Commandments in the least. But beyond that we live forever IN Jesus and He IN us. First, He is the Son of God as well as the Son of David. At best in this life we see only dimly in a mirror. We cannot be justified by it. Because of Adam’s sin the whole human race has been exiled from God’s presence. John writes concerning the end of our exile from God’s Presence: “And he showed me a river of the water of life, clear as crystal, coming from the throne of God and of the Lamb, in the middle of its street. Eight days after Jesus was born, Simeon took baby Jesus in his arms and, quoting Isaiah, called Jesus “A light of revelation to the Gentiles.” (Isaiah 42:6, Luke 2:32) In His last instructions before His ascension Jesus told His disciples that all authority in heaven and on earth was His. They had to be forced to see in Him the sacrifice for their sins. Get The Fulfillment: Jesus and the Old Testament by Timothy Tennent to learn more about how Jesus fulfills the story of God and fulfills prophecy in a special way.. 1. On the Day of Atonement the High Priest sprinkled blood on the Mercy Seat in the Most Holy Place. It is God’s Covenant with Adam and his descendants which God renewed with Noah after the Flood. One reason the Bible’s Old Testament is so important to Christians is that it contains prophecy — over 300 predictions, in fact — that, like the threads of a tapestry, establish the Messianic credentials of Jesus.. After a four hundred year rule King David’s dynasty ended. Christ came not to destroy the old religious system but to build upon it; He came to finish the Old Covenant and establish the New. A prophet had a twofold function. How Can God Make Good What Was Meant for Evil? Notice that in seeing how Jesus fulfilled the prophesies about the Messiah, we have moved backward in time from the Covenant with David, to the Mosaic Covenant (which Jeremiah labels Old and which gives its name to the Old Testament Scriptures), and now to the Covenant with Abraham. Exodus 33:11 And the Lord spake unto Moses face to face, as a man speaketh unto his friend. How Jesus Fulfills the Old Testament. What Does It Mean to Be a Daughter of Christ? Everything in the tabernacle is fulfilled in Him. He never said, “Thus saith the Lord,” the common introductory claim of God’s prophets. Tabernacle furniture was a constant reminder of man’s sinfulness and need for a Savior. Reading Time: 8 minutes Only One Person Has Fulfilled All Old Testament Messianic Prophecy. As Graeme Goldsworthy has argued, Jesus is “the goal and the fulfillment of the whole Old Testament” and is “the key to the Bible.” Therefore, everything about these laws is reinterpreted because Jesus is the center of God’s revelation, … Philip Kosloski-published on 03/25/18. Jesus therefore is the recipient of the great promises made to Abraham: that his offspring would be as many as the stars in the sky (Israel under the Old Covenant, the church today), that he would inherit a land (Canaan, and now all the world), and that in Him all the nations of the earth would be blessed (by Israel’s witness to its neighbors, now by the Church’s worldwide testimony.) This also is what is meant by Jesus when he said that he came not to abolish the law but to fulfill it, (Matthew 5:17). They called the coming King the Anointed One, Messiah in Hebrew, Christ in Greek. Today, it is sometimes the opposite. Scholars differ in their answers, generally ranging from about 200 to 400. Old Testament lessons are still relevant in a modern-day world. The relation between our Lord's teaching and that of the Old Testament is cleared up by our Lord in one striking sentence. For them God’s plan of salvation unfolded with the Israelites, then was added to and redefined by Christ. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. All the promises of God in the Old Testament are fulfilled in Jesus Christ. Jesus is God’s agent to bring salvation to a lost humanity and heal a broken world. Do not despise the Old Testament under any pretense whatsoever. Click, swipe, or hover over each verse reference to see it. The canon of Scripture closes with the witness of His immediate followers. Who is Jesus? Prophet: In the old testament a prophet was typically one that communed with God to get revelation for the Israelites and was head of the 'church.' I.E. The last Old Testament prophet, John the Baptist, taught the same thing. This is how Jesus fulfills the Old Testament and makes it new. Christians Jesus fulfills God’s Covenant with Adam by perfectly obeying the Law. Some people assumed he had come to replace the Old Testament Law and the work of the prophets, but revolution was not his calling. What's Important about Jesus Not Breaking Any Bones? Isaiah implied a life for the Suffering Servant after He died when he wrote, “But the Lord was pleased to crush Him, putting Him to grief. The argument stems from several key Scriptures: Isaiah 11:1-9, Isaiah 2:3-4, and Micah 4:2-3. Messiah would be born of a virgin (Isaiah 7:14) Fulfilled in Matthew 1:22-23; Luke 1:26-31. Finally, Jesus is more than just another David because after three days He rose from the dead and ascended into heaven to rule all nations. In its right place it is just as important as "the glorious gospel." He is the Second Adam, the beginning of a new human race. What does the New Testament say about Jesus? Then they understood that Jesus is the One Seed of Abraham Who inherits the covenant promises made to Abraham. Jesus’ followers first understood how He fulfilled the Covenant with David, second how He fulfilled the Mosaic Covenant, and later how He fulfilled the Covenants with Abraham and Adam. Adapted from The Gospel of Matthew by J.C. Ryle (Chapter 5). Copyright © 2011 Broomall Reformed Presbyterian Church. Moses. (Matthew 7:28-29) Here is a sample of how Jesus taught as He revealed the depths of the moral law. Christians are commanded to read the Old Testament and are allowed to benefit from it, but they do not take everything in it as final. When Jesus asked his disciples, “But who do you say that I am?” Peter answered for them all: “You are the Christ.” (Mark 8:29) When we call Jesus of Nazareth “Jesus Christ,” we confess that He is the Messiah, the son of David, sitting on His throne in the heavenly Jerusalem. Why Did the Reformed Presbyterian Church Oppose Slavery? The key word here is “fulfill.” The New Testament authors, while valuing the Old Testament as revelation, saw Jesus to be the fulfillment of that revelation. He would be like a lamb led to slaughter, and He would be buried with the rich. Alfred Edersheim found 456 Old Testament verses referring to the Messiah or His times. The writer to the Hebrews answers “No,” and shows why from the very sacrificial system of Moses. (Matthew 22:45) The Pharisees had no answer to that question: fathers do not call their sons “lord.” The answer lies in Jesus’ identity as the Son of God as well as the Son of Man. What animal sacrifices did was foretell the coming perfect sacrifice, Jesus, the Savior. Jesus makes perfect what was lacking in the Patriarchs of Israel. Abraham, the Scriptures testify, believed God and it was reckoned to him as righteousness. How Does Jesus Fulfill the Law and the Prophets? On the Cross, Jesus completed the work as the great Mediator between God and man. At the same time we are moving forward in time with the disciples as they grew in their understanding of Jesus. He has conquered death, and when He comes we will be raised and become perfect as He is perfect. Daily, weekly, and especially at the great feasts, the priests at the temple sacrificed animals on the altar. having to do with the rabbis, the leaders of Judaism. Noah--The waters now redeem us instead of destroying us. I am the root and the offspring of David, the bright and morning star.” (Revelation 22:16) The night Jesus was born, the angel told the shepherds that he had good news for all the people: “For today in the city of David there has been born for you a Savior, who is Christ the Lord.” (Luke 2:11) God kept his covenant promise to David and fulfilled His word through Jeremiah by sending Jesus of Nazareth, the Messiah, to be Israel’s King. 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